Canada announced the category-based selection criteria for Express Entry

Canada is known for its welcoming attitude towards immigrants and commitment to diversity and inclusion. As such, it has become a popular destination for individuals and families seeking a better life and new opportunities. In June 2022, the Canadian Government amended the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act to select immigrants based on attributes that support economic priorities and announced new, category-based selection criteria for Express Entry candidates.

Category-based selection: which categories will Express Entry target?

Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will focus on candidates with strong French proficiency and work experience in specific sectors. This is an attempt to meet the Canadian labour market’s needs and ensure that the country remains competitive in the global market.

category based selection

Selections rounds for Francophones will target candidates who have Niveaux de compétence 7 test scores in French in all 4 language skills.

The category-based selection will target Express Entry candidates working in the following sectors:

Healthcare: With the aging Canadian population, healthcare is an ever-growing industry that requires more skilled workers to meet the demands of the public. IRCC recognizes the need for more healthcare professionals and actively seeks candidates with experience in this field.

Healthcare category includes the following 35 NOCs

31112 – Audiologists and speech-language pathologists
31201 – Chiropractors
31110 – Dentists
31121 – Dieticians and nutritionists
41320 – Education counsellors
31102 – General practitioners and family physicians
42203 – Instructors of persons with disabilities
31204 – Kinesiologists and other professional occupations in therapy and assessment
32101 – Licensed practical nurses
32201 – Massage therapists
33101 – Medical laboratory assistants and related technical occupations
32120 – Medical laboratory technologists
32121 – Medical radiation technologists
32122 – Medical sonographers
33102 – Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates
31302 – Nurse practitioners
31300 – Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors
31203 – Occupational therapists
31111 – Optometrists
33109 – Other assisting occupations in support of health services
32209 – Other practitioners of natural healing
31209 – Other professional occupations in health diagnosing and treating
32109 – Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment
32102 – Paramedical occupations
33103 – Pharmacy technical assistants and pharmacy assistants
31303 – Physician assistants, midwives and allied health professionals
31202 – Physiotherapists
31200 – Psychologists
31301 – Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses
32103 – Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists
31100 – Specialists in clinical and laboratory medicine
31101 – Specialists in surgery
41301 – Therapists in counselling and related specialized therapies
32200 – Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners and acupuncturists
31103 – Veterinarians

Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Professions: These sectors are considered the future of employment and are at the forefront of innovation and technological advancement.

STEM category includes the following 24 NOCs

21200 – Architects
20011 – Architecture and science managers
21221 – Business systems specialists
21300 – Civil Engineers
20012 – Computer and information systems managers
21311 – Computer engineers (except software engineers and designers)
21230 – Computer systems developers and programmers
21220 – Cybersecurity specialists
21211 – Data scientists
21223 – Database analysts and data administrators
21310 – Electrical and electronics engineers
20010 – Engineering managers
21321 – Industrial and manufacturing engineers
21222 – Information systems specialists
21203 – Land surveyors
21201 – Landscape Architects
21210 – Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries
21322 – Metallurgical and materials engineers
41400 – Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers
21232 – Software developers and programmers
21231 – Software engineers and designers
21202 – Urban and land use planners
21233 – Web designers
21234 – Web developers and programmers

Trades: Skilled tradespeople such as carpenters, plumbers, and contractors are always in high demand in Canada. They play a crucial role in building and maintaining Canadian infrastructure and are essential to the success of many businesses.

Trades category includes the following 10 NOCs

73200 – Residential and commercial installers and servicers
72406 – Elevator constructors and mechanics
72405 – Machine fitters
72402 – Heating, refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
72400 – Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
72310 – Carpenters
72300 – Plumbers
72200 – Electricians (except industrial and power system)
72106 – Welders and related machine operators
72014 – Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers

Transport: The transportation industry is an integral part of the Canadian economy and is responsible for moving goods and people across the country. The labour shortages in the transportation sector make IRCC actively seek candidates with industry experience.

Transport category includes the following 10 NOCs

93200 – Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors
73300 – Transport truck drivers
72604 – Railway traffic controllers and marine traffic regulators
72603 – Engineer officers, water transport
72602 – Deck officers, water transport
72601 – Air traffic controllers and related occupations
72600 – Air pilots, flight engineers and flying instructors
72404 – Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
72403 – Railway carmen/women
70020 – Managers in transportation

Agriculture and Agri-food: The agriculture industry in Canada is one of the largest in the world, providing food and resources to both the country and the global market. Candidates with experience in agriculture and agri-food will be given more attention in the future Express Entry draws.

Agriculture and Agri-food category includes the following 3 NOCs

82031 – Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services
82030 – Agricultural service contractors and farm supervisors
63201 – Butchers-retail and wholesale

How does Canada choose immigration categories?

Canada chooses immigration categories based on various factors, including labour market information, projections, and input from partners such as provinces, territories, and stakeholders throughout the country. The selection of categories is reported to Parliament annually, which includes a detailed account of why and how each category was chosen, instructions for establishing a category, and the number of invitations issued for each category.

In addition to the annual report, information about category-based selection is also included in the Express Entry Year-End Report. The Government of Canada regularly monitors and assesses the categories to determine if any changes or adjustments need to be made. This ensures that Canada’s immigration system remains efficient, effective, and responsive to the country’s needs and goals.

Rounds of invitations under the Express Entry system

The new, category-based rounds of invitations are established by the immigration minister to meet specific economic goals. IRCC will then invite top-ranking candidates with the skills and experience needed to fill gaps in the labour market.

Rounds of invitations under the Express Entry system occur regularly throughout the year. There are different types of rounds, each with their unique characteristics:

General rounds of invitations invite top-ranking candidates in the pool who are eligible for one of the three Express Entry programs. These candidates are selected based on their score in the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), which considers factors such as age, education, work experience, and language proficiency.

Program-specific rounds of invitations are issued to top-ranking candidates who are eligible for a specific Express Entry program. For example, under the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), only candidates suitable for a Provincial Nominee Program are selected.

The category-based selection for Express Entry is an essential step in ensuring that Canada remains competitive in the global market and meets the needs of its labour market. By targeting candidates with experience in high-demand sectors, Canada can ensure that its immigration system is responsive to its economic goals. The new system is just one part of Canada’s commitment to diversity, inclusion, and innovation, and it is sure to attract talented individuals from all over the world looking for a new start and a better life.

Immigration Canada PRO can help you benefit from the category-based selection

If you are interested in immigrating to Canada and want to take advantage of the new category-based selection for Express Entry, Immigration Canada PRO can help. Our experienced immigration consultants can guide you through the application process and help you identify which category you may qualify for. Contact us today to learn more about how we can assist you in making your Canadian dream a reality.

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